AIDS deaths halve and 19 million people on life saving treatment

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A report by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/Aids (UNAids) showed deaths had fallen from a peak of 1.9 million in 2005 to 1 million previous year.

Worldwide, 36.7 million are living with HIV and 53% of them are getting the therapy that gives a near-normal life expectancy.

The report also concluded that in India, a respondent-driven sampling survey across 26 cities found that knowledge of HIV status was 41% among people who are living with HIV and those who injected drugs. Malawi, Mozambique, Uganda and Zimbabwe have gone further, cutting new HIV infections by 40 per cent or more since 2010.

They include Middle East and North Africa and in eastern Europe and central Asia.

The report says that in the world's most affected region, eastern and southern Africa, the number of people on treatment has more than doubled since 2010, reaching almost 10.3 million people.

The region of the world that has achieved the most progress is in southern Africa and the East, which brings together more than half of people living with hiv and where many efforts have been made. The targets were set in 2014 to ensure that by 2020, 90% of those affected with HIV know their status, 90% of all HIV-diagnosed people receive antiretroviral therapy and 90% of those taking the therapy are virally suppressed. However, in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, significant increases in new HIV infections have been reported.

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New infections are declining, but not fast enough.

At the end of 2016, these proportions were 70%, 77% and 82%, according to Unaids. Since 2010, there has been a dip in AIDS-related deaths by 42% and new infection cases by 29%, including 56% decline in new infection in children over that period.

In total, 76.1 million people have been infected with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, since the epidemic started in the 1980s. The number of new infections is still too high and, as we continue to expand lifesaving HIV treatments we need a stronger focus on prevention, human rights and gender. In collaboration with Unitaid and World Health Organization, the Global Fund is supporting the expansion of HIV self-test kits - flexible options that help address the challenge of nearly half of the people with HIV not knowing their status. UNAIDS has a conflict in setting the treatment goals, whether it's three ones, three zeroes, or ninety-ninety-ninety and then telling us whether they've been met or not.

The results, based on data from the end of 2016, also show that programs supported by the Global Fund partnership provided 4.3 million pregnant women with antiretroviral medicines to prevent the transmission of HIV to their unborn children.

New UNAIDS report shows 19.5 million people on life-saving #treatment and #AIDS-related deaths halved since 2005.